Lincoln Cathedral. Remarkably pure gothic nave in Wells Cathedral, Somerset From the seventh century onwards, people in Britain began building churches and even cathedrals; but it was following the Norman Invasion in 1066 that cathedral-building came into its own. [157], The library above the eastern cloister was built between 1430 and 1508. A unique feature of this cathedral is the so-called "scissor arch". [42][43], By the reign of Henry VII the cathedral was complete, appearing much as it does today (though the fittings have changed). Wells Cathedral School, which was established to educate these choirboys, dates its foundation to this point. At the west end is the nave with the altar and prayer benches. [32] It was designed in the new style with pointed arches, later known as Gothic, which was introduced at about the same time at Canterbury Cathedral. [4], Wells Cathedral has a square east end to the choir, as is usual, and like several other cathedrals including Salisbury and Lichfield, has a lower Lady Chapel projecting at the eastern end, begun by Thomas Witney in about 1310, possibly before the chapter house was completed. [149] It now sings for about 50 services a year, when the Cathedral Choir is in recess or on tour, and spends one week a year singing as the "choir in residence" at another cathedral. It is a two-storeyed structure with the main chamber raised on an undercroft. He defined the theme as "a calendar for unlearned men" illustrating the doctrines and history of the Christian faith, its introduction to Britain and its protection by princes and bishops. The cathedral from the south east. The exterior was then reworked in the Perpendicular style and given the present parapet and pinnacles. The north transept with its Medieval clock face, the north porch and north-west tower. [126] They originally numbered 90, of which 65 have survived. [146] The Vicars Choral was formed in the 12th century and the sung liturgy provided by a traditional cathedral choir of men and boys until the formation of an additional choir of girls in 1994. When he refused to surrender it, Barrett ran him through with a sword and he died six weeks later, on 10 October 1646. [151][152] With around 160 voices, the society gives three concerts a year under the direction of Matthew Owens, Organist and Master of the Choristers at the Cathedral. Salisbury Cathedral Nave. It was repaired in 1813, and the central light was largely replaced to a design by Archibald Keightley Nicholson between 1925 and 1931. A staircase leads from the cathedral (right) to the chapter house and the Chain Gate which gives access to Vicars Close. [32], Later changes include the Perpendicular vault of the tower and construction of Sugar's Chapel, 1475–1490 by William Smyth. [92] According to the architectural historian Alec Clifton-Taylor, it is "one of the great sights of England". England High Gothic 1220-1258 Spire: 1320-1330. Pure Early English Gothic of the late 12th and early 13th centuries, Wells features deeply sculpted moldings and has retained much of the original glass. How old? Athelm and his nephew Dunstan both became Archbishops of Canterbury. 19 reviews of Wells Cathedral "Wells is England's smallest city, with a population of around 10,000, but at its heart contains one of the best preserved collections of mediaeval ecclesiastical buildings in Europe. [111] The vaults of the aisles of the choir also have a unique pattern. Built in 1176–1450 to replace an earlier church on the site since 705, it is moderately sized for an English cathedral. [75] It is also a venue for musical events such as an annual concert by the Somerset Chamber Choir. It is regularly used for authentic accompaniment of Tudor and baroque music. 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