Socrates then approaches the wisdom-virtue question from another angle, that of acrasia (weakness of will, 351b–358d), seeking to show that there is a kind of wisdom that is sufficient for virtue. In the book Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle has given ‘Table of … Virtue ethics refers to a collection of normative ethical philosophies that place an emphasis on being rather than doing. So, if you live a good life, then you’ve developed the skill(/s) of acting virtuously. _____ Socrates believed that knowledge is the same thing as virtue or excellence and is … While both of the philosophers believed in the benefit of having virtues, it is Socrates who stresses more than Aristotle the importance of the virtues. They also stated that there is an inert quality in every man, the desire to be good and to perform kindness to others. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. This turns out to be a hedonic calculus that gives full value to temporally distant pleasures and pains. In the Meno, Plato has Socrates say what the Sophists were saying, namely that ethics is irrational, that moral virtue is not knowledge. After Meno insists that Socrates approach the original question Meno posed to him namely, “whether…virtue is something teachable, or is a natural gift, or in whatever way it comes to men” (86d) Socrates begins by laying down the first presupposition, “if virtue is a kind of knowledge, it is clear that it could be taught” (87c). On the other hand, Aristotle rejected this position in favour of a naturalistic one. Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. Hence, we cannot really say that he voluntarily engaged in wrongdoing. Note that lack of knowledge in practical wisdom, according to virtue ethics, necessarily involves ignorance of what is truly good. Virtue Ethics started in the years of Socrates and Plato’s era wherein they explained and argued that knowledge consists of both good and evil. Virtue is a disposition to act in certain ways and not others. Virtue ethics refers to a collection of normative ethical philosophies that place an emphasis on being rather than doing. The two pioneers behind virtues ethics are Aristotle and Plato. For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Virtue ethics is one the three major theories of normative ethics. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. 1. We can develop Virtue by practicing it, as a skill. Virtue, Ethics & golden mean. 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