Muller V. Maca in Hormone Replacement Therapy. Therefore, in view of the demonstrated multi-factorial metabolic action of Lepidium peruvianum Chacon as an important cultivated therapeutic Andean plant used as dietary supplement , it would be of further practical and academic interest to investigate gender-related Maca-GO issues in relation to dosage levels, therapeutic effect, availability of key dietary and active compounds influencing menopausal … 1961, 1-46 “Maca” Millenarian Peruvian Food Plant with Highly Nutritional and Medicinal Properties; pp. “Maca” Planta Medicinal y Nutritiva del Peru; pp. Blood sampling points: 1) Start - before the trial; 2) after subsequent one and 3) two months administration of PP or MM (Treatment A or B respectively), with crossover at the point 3 (X), followed by another two months (4 & 5) of administration of the same daily dose of MM or PP. Glucosinolate Contents in Maca (Lepidium peruvianum chacon) Seeds, Sprouts, Mature Plants and Several Derived Commercial Products. It is one of the only plants in the world able to thrive at such high altitudes. Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Menopause. or. 1–7. Roots of cruciferous plant Lepidium peruvianum Chacon cultivated in high plateaus of Andes and known under its common name Maca, have been traditionally-used as an energizing vegetable with therapeutic properties for both men and women. Epub 2011 Aug 15. 18 Chacon G. Pytochemical study on Lepidium meyenii. Trial II: A view of Ancash Maca cultivation location (viewing from the highest cultivation site down to the lowest) in High Andes (Cordilleras Blanca) at three altitudes (metres above sea level - m a.s.l.) Trial II: DNA extracted from three Peruvian Maca hypocotyls (L. peruvianum Chacon) grown at 4,300m a.s.l. Mayo de San Marcos; 1961. Leon J. Perhaps Chacon is a bit potent than Meyenii but I don't have information to back it up. Peruvian Maca (Lepidium peruvianum): (I) Phytochemical and Genetic Differences in Three Maca Phenotypes. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. and Retama (4,300 m a.s.l.). Piacente S, Carbone V, Plaza A, Zampelli A, Pizza C. Investigation of the tuber constituents of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.). Lee MS, Shin BC, Yang EJ, Lim HJ, Ernst E. Maturitas. Biochemical and Pharmacodynamic Study on Maca using Clinical Laboratory Model on Ovariectomized Rats. doi: 10.1177/2515690X19829380. Lima, Peru. There are two types of Maca, Lepidium peruvianum meyenii and Lepidium peruvianum chacon. J Evid Based Integr Med. Meissner HO, Mscisz A, Baraniak M, Piatkowska E, Pisulewski P, Mrozikiewicz M, Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska T. Gonzales-Arimborgo C, Yupanqui I, Montero E, Alarcón-Yaquetto DE, Zevallos-Concha A, Caballero L, Gasco M, Zhao J, Khan IA, Gonzales GF. Community See All. Antonio Vázquez de Espinosa gave a description of the plant following his visit to Peru circa 1598 and Bernabé Cobo gave a description of this plant in the early 17th century. Obregon LV. -. compared with hypocotyls collected as Dry in Junin at: 1= 4,000 m and 3 = 4,200 m (as Small and Large hypocotyls) and for Red Maca (R) collected as dry in three geographically-distant locations = G-D-L at R38 = 3,800 m, R40 = 4,000 m and R42 = 4,200 m a.s.l. Chacon G. 1st. and Retama (4,300 m a.s.l.). 35. In two trials, dietary and Glucosinolates' characteristics in four Maca phenotypes have been examined with an extension into the determination of DNA sequences. Hence, she proposed to create the name Lepidium peruvianum Chacón sp. Gluconsinolate contents in Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon) seeds, sprouts, mature plants, and several derived commercial products. Nacional. Peruvian Maca (Lepidium peruvianum): (II) Phytochemical Profiles of Four Prime Maca Phenotypes Grown in Two Geographically-Distant Locations. 2019 Jan-Dec;24:2515690X19829380. Use of gelatinized maca (lepidium peruvianum) in early postmenopausal women. Keywords: Economic Botany 2001;55:255-62. Statistical significance has been determined according to multiple Wilcoxon’s test. In the 1990s, Gloria Chacon made a further distinction of a different species. Oshima, M., Gu, Y., and Tsukada, S. Effects of Lepidium meyenii Walp and Jatropha macrantha on blood levels of estradiol-17 beta, progesterone, testosterone and the rate of embryo implantation in mice. 2011 Nov;70(3):227-33. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.07.017. Create New Account. 87 people like … and in Trial II: Three Maca planting sites in one cultivation location on a mountain slope in Ancash at three altitudes: Torre (4,000 m a.s.l. HHS She studied biological sciences in the National University Mayor de San Marcos, in Lima during the years 1959 - 1962 where she received her bachelors degree in Biological Sciences with the theme of: Photochemical Study of "Maca" at the age of 20. justified? Mayor de San Marcos; 2001. USA.gov.  |  Altitudes; Four Phenotypes; Hypocotyls; Lepidium peruvianum; Maca; Phytochemistry. Balick MJ, Lee R. Maca: from traditional food crop to energy and libido stimulant. Symbol “Δ” indicates a crossover (X) point. Log In. Hormone-Balancing Effect of Pre-Gelatinized Organic Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon): (III) Clinical responses of early-postmenopausal women to Maca in double blind, randomized, Placebo-controlled, crossover configuration, outpatient study. Named after the researcher, Dr. Gloria Chacon de Popovici, this MACA is known to contain all the nutrients and alkaloids responsible for the medicinal and beneficial effects MACA is known for. w here Maca was grown, identified as: Torre (4,000 m a.s.l. 1st Edition. Representative samples of the prime two (Trial I) and four (Trial II) Peruvian Maca phenotypes represented by colours of hypocotyls separated from traditionally-harvested mixed Maca crop cultivated in Andean Highlands. 2016 Aug 18;9(3):49. doi: 10.3390/ph9030049. PhD Thesis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. and Control Four Maca phenotypes collected as Dry in Ancash location at 4,300m a.s.l.. DISCOVERER OF Lepidium peruvianum Chacon - MACA . Meissner HO, Mscisz A, Reich-Bilinska H, Mrozikiewicz P, Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska T, Kedzia B, Lowicka A, Barchia I. Meissner HO, Mscisz A, Reich-Bilinska H, Kapczynski W, Mrozikiewicz P, Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska T, Kedzia B, Lowicka A, Barchia I. Meissner HO, Kapczynski W, Mscisz A, Lutomski J. J Ethnopharmacol. See more of Maca Wurzel - Lepidium peruvianum Chacón on Facebook. Lima: Instituto de Fitoterapia Americano; 2001. Influence of colour type and previous cultivation on secondary metabolites in hypocotyls and leaves of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walpers). Peruvian Maca (Lepidium peruvianum): (I) Phytochemical and Genetic Differences in Three Maca Phenotypes. Natl. Indication of Peruvian Maca cultivation areas located in Andean Highlands used in the study, with three different altitudes where Maca was grown (metres above sea level - m a.s.l.) Is the hype around the reproductive health claims of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) 17 Chacon de Popovici, Gloria. Lost Crops of the Incas Little-Known Plants of the Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation (1989). 37. Chacon RG. 2001, 1-337 Results: Obregon LV. Peruvian Maca is a unique Andean Lepidium species with a disomic octoploid genome (2n = 8× = 64) (4) which has been cultivated under environmen - Is the hype around the reproductive health claims of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) Meissner H.O., Mrozikiewicz P., Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska T., et al. She studied biological sciences in the National University Mayor de San Marcos, in Lima during the years 1959 - 1962 where she received her bachelors degree in Biological Sciences with the theme of: Photochemical Study of "Maca" at the age of 20.  |  Conclusions: We are proud to offer you this unique heirloom variety of Maca: 100% Lepidium Peruvianum Chacon encapsulated in vegetarian capsules. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Chromatographic profiles were generated with the use of 3D plot mode of HP Chemstation software from analysis of Glucosinolates (against Sinigrin standard) selected as an active compound in cultivated Peruvian Maca. Lepidium meyenii (Maca): a plant from the highlands of Peru--from tradition to science. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. DISCOVERER OF Lepidium peruvianum Chacon - MACA G loria Chacon de Popovici was born in Lima, Peru on November 4, 1940. ), de Genero (4,150 m a.s.l.) Scientific name: Lepidium peruvianum G. Chacón Lepidium peruvianum (Maca) root is a herbaceous plant native to the Andean Mountains of Peru and Bolivia. Not Now. The results showed that in addition to reduction in body weight, blood pressure and increasing serum HDL and Iron, pre-gelatinized Maca-GO may be a valuable non-hormonal plant preparation for balancing levels of hormones (FSH, E2, PG and ACTH) and alleviating negative physiological and psychological symptoms (frequency of hot flushes, incidence in night sweating, interrupted sleep pattern, nervousness, depression and heart palpitations) experienced by women in perimenopausal stage. Altern Ther Health Med. International Journal of Biomedical Science 2006: Vol. 1–337. Gonzales GF. National Academy of Science. FSH, LH, E2 and PG levels in perimenopausal women (n=18): One group (PP-MM…, Menopausal Index according to Kupperman as determined in two groups of perimenopausal women…, NLM The effects of Pre-Gelatinized Organic Maca (Maca-GO) on quantitative physiological responses and alleviation of symptoms contributing to menopausal discomfort in perimenopausal women was examined. Lima: Universidad. Different profiles in resolution bands observed in RAPD analysis, may indicate an existence of genetic polymorphism within and between series of compared samples with the four selected primers (OPL-2; OPL-12; OPL-13 & OPL-14). = 0.219% and at 4,200m a.s.l. Everyone seems to be agreeing on Lepidium part, but there seems to be mixed use of Lepidium meyenii and Lepidium peruvianum. = 0.177% and at 4,200m a.s.l.  |  Hormone-balancing Effect of Pre-Gelatinized Organic Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon: (Part I.) The only species backed by scientific studies is Lepidium peruvianum Chacon. Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. Li G, Ammermann U, Quiros CF. Quiros CF, Epperson A, Hu J, Holle M. Physiological Studies and Determination of Chromosome Number in Maca, Lepidium meyenii (Brassicaceae) . = 0.378%]. *, Menopausal Index according to Kupperman as determined in two groups of perimenopausal women (n=18): after administration of 2,000 mg Maca-GO daily at: 1) Start - before the trial; 2) after subsequent one month and 3) two months administration of Placebo or Maca-GO (Treatment A - without prior run-in period), with crossover (marked by arrows) after completion of the Period A, followed by another two months (4 & 5 respectively) of administration of the same quantities of daily dose with the change from Placebo to Maca-GO and vice-versa (Treatment B - with prior run-in period).  |  2. PubMed - Full Article  |  Our maca is found only in the central highlands of Peru; on the Junin plateau between 3,800 to 4,400 m.a.s.l. Two 500mg hard capsules with Maca-GO or Placebo were self-administered by participants twice daily with meals (total 2g/day). Therapeutic effect of Lepidium peruvianum Chacon (Maca-GO) used as a non-hormonal alternative to HRT in Peri-menopausal women. Economic Botany 2001;55:255-62. Economic Botany 2001;55:255-62. 143. Profiles of lines observed in OPL-RAPD analysis may indicate an existence of genetic polymorphism in three analysed Maca phenotypes. Lima, Peru. Two months administration of Maca-GO significantly alleviated symptoms of discomfort observed in majority of women involved in the study (74%-87%) as assessed by Kupperman's Menopausal index. Hypocotyls of the four prime phenotypes of Peruvian Maca - Lepidium peruvianum Chacon, labelled as "Yellow", "Black", "Red" and "Purple" were separated from mixed Maca crops cultivated in four geographically-distant locations in the Peruvian Andes at altitudes between 2,800m and 4,300 m a.s.l. Quality Management of Nutraceuticals 2002;90-100. 1–46. Gonzales GF, Gonzales C, Gonzales-Castañeda C. Forsch Komplementmed. 1998;11:18. Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon), Millenarian Peruvian Food Plant, With Highly Nutritional and Medicinal Properties. Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon) Planta Millenaria del Peru, con Propiedades Altamente Nutricional y Medicinal. In monthly interviews conducted by gynecologist, body weight and blood pressure were registered and Menopausal Index according to Kupperman's was determined. Epub 2009 Dec 16. Phytochemical study on Lepidium meyenii; pp. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Economic Botany. Most companies carry the meyenii but Earth Healers carry the "chacon." International Journal of Biomedical Science 2006: Vol. Epub 2017 Aug 12. The Maca (Lepidium meyenii) a little-know food plant of Peru. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Black Maca showed a reversal, but also a significant (P<0.05) trend, while the Yellow phenotype showed no visible altitude-inflicted response (P>0.05) and has consistently the lowest Glucosinolates content. IN THIS, FOUR MONTHS, DOUBLE BLIND, CROSSOVER, RANDOMIZED PILOT TRIAL, MONTHLY MEASUREMENTS OF THE FOLLOWING BLOOD SERUM CONSTITUENTS WERE TAKEN: Estrogen (E2), Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Progesterone (PGS), Cortisol (CT), Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), Thyroid Hormones (TSH, T3, T4), minerals (Ca, K, Fe) and lipid profile (Triglicerides, Total Cholesterol, LDL, HDL). DISCOVERER OF Lepidium Peruvianum Chacon - MACA Gloria Chacon de Popovici was born in Lima, Peru on November 4, 1940. Therapeutic Effects of Pre-Gelatinized Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon) used as a non-hormonal alternative to HRT in perimenopausal women-Clinical Pilot Study. ), Ninacaca (4,200 m a.s.l.) The cultivar Lepidium peruvianum Chacón has been identified in the major growing regions of the highlands and is the main variety of choice for expanded cultivation today. National Academy of Science. Economic Botany 2001;55:255-62. [peruvianum] translation in English - German Reverso dictionary, see also 'Peru',Persian',perineum',pervading', examples, definition, conjugation 1–182. In 2008, the Peruvian government decided to clarify the confusion between the two scientific names that were used for Maca, Lepidium meyenii and Lepidium peruvianum. Walker M. Effect of Peruvian Maca on Hormonal Functions. 2002 Mar-Apr;8(2):96-8. justified? Peru: Univ. O Meissner H, Mscisz A, Piatkowska E, Baraniak M, Mielcarek S, Kedzia B, Holderna-Kedzia E, Pisulewski P. Meissner HO, Mscisz A, Mrozikiewicz M, Baraniak M, Mielcarek S, Kedzia B, Piatkowska E, Jólkowska J, Pisulewski P. Clément C, Diaz Grados DA, Avula B, Khan IA, Mayer AC, Ponce Aguirre DD, Manrique I, Kreuzer M. J Sci Food Agric. Maca (lepidium meyenii/peruvianum) Click here to see partial listing of published scientific research on the effects of maca roots on fertility, sperm motility and sperm count, endocrine/adrenal function, male sexual performance/enhancements and hormonal health. Maca has been recognized by natives of Peru as herbal remedy helping to treat conditions affecting menopausal women. Hypocotyls of the four prime phenotypes of Peruvian Maca - Lepidium peruvianum Chacon, labelled as "Yellow", "Black", "Red" and "Purple" were separated from mixed Maca crops cultivated in four geographically-distant locations in the Peruvian Andes at altitudes between 2,800m and 4,300 m a.s.l. Since the time of the Incas, Peruvian Maca(Lepidium peruvianum Chacon), has been traditionally used by in-digenous Peruvians as a medicinal herb and a vital staple food component (1-5). Further research on DNA sequences is needed, with more primers and larger number of Maca phenotypes, considering biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and adaptation pathways induced by harsh environment at altitudes where Maca is cultivated. Li G, Ammermann U, Quiros CF. 2018 Jan 30;211:126-170. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2017.08.003. 2, No. Ethnobiology and Ethnopharmacology of Lepidium meyenii (Maca), a Plant from the Peruvian Highlands. The only Maca prized for its quality, rich flavor and potency, is sourced from the highest plantation in the world above 14,500 feet on the Junin Plateau eliminating any chance of cross-contamination with Maca grown at lower elevations. G loria Chacon de Popovici was born in Lima, Peru on November 4, 1940. Hormone-Balancing Effect of Pre-Gelatinized Organic Maca (Lepidium peruvianum Chacon): (II) Physiological and Symptomatic Responses of Early-Postmenopausal Women to Standardized doses of Maca in Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Centre Clinical Study. J Agric Food Chem. Although promising, insufficiently precise differences in DNA sequences failed to distinguish, without any reasonable doubt, four Maca phenotypes cultivated either in the same or geographically-distant locations, and harvested at different altitudes a.s.l. There was a distinctive placebo effect observed at the beginning of the study. Effect of Lepidium meyenii (MACA) on sexual desire and its absent relationship with serum testosterone levels in adult healthy men. Effect of aqueous extract from Lepidium meyeniion mouse behavior in forced swimming test. See this image and copyright information in PMC. NIH ), de Genero (4,150 m a.s.l.) Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. O Meissner H, Mscisz A, Piatkowska E, Baraniak M, Mielcarek S, Kedzia B, Holderna-Kedzia E, Pisulewski P. Meissner HO, Mscisz A, Mrozikiewicz M, Baraniak M, Mielcarek S, Kedzia B, Piatkowska E, Jólkowska J, Pisulewski P. See this image and copyright information in PMC. The only species backed by scientific studies is Lepidium peruvianum Chacon, named after the researcher, Dr. Gloria Chacon de Popovici, this MACA is known to contain all the nutrients and alkaloids responsible for the medicinal and beneficial effects MACA is known for. Int J Biomed Sci. Background: Maca is a root plant and a member of the cruciferous family, native to Peru. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Statistical significance: The value 3.2 = calculated Standard Error of Mean (SEM ±); Panel above the diagram, indicate difference between Maca-GO and Placebo Treatments (A and B respectively); *. 2010 Apr 15;90(5):861-9. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.3896. Maca has been recognized by natives of Peru as herbal remedy helping to treat conditions affecting menopausal women. Whole World Botanicals Report. Lepidium peruvianumis thus a Lepidium species native to Peru that grows in areas where human groups have lived as far 2, No. “Maca” Planta Medicinal y Nutritiva del Peru; pp. Ovariectomized Rats enable it to take advantage of the only plants in 1990s! At 4,000m a.s.l. root plant and a member of the Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation 1989! Plants in the 1990s, Gloria Chacon made a further distinction of a species... Hard capsules with Maca-GO or Placebo were self-administered by participants twice daily with meals ( total 2g/day ) Junin between! 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