It also has a sprawling growth form, but is slightly more erect than field chickweed. It is a short-lived perennial that grows from taproots and often from sprawling, nodally-rooting branches. Chickweed can be boiled and eaten as a green vegetable much like spinach.1 In the past, the plant was used as a potherb by farming communities in Europe and Asia.2. Chickweed is a creeping winter annual lawn weed. Chickweed is known as a winter weed. Preferred Soil / Field Conditions: This weed likes high fertility soils and thrives in moist soils rich in nitrogen. Pitted morningglory 6. Barnyardgrass 1. The flowers are small, white and star-like, and the fruit are egg-shaped pod-bearing seeds. A fast-growing weed that covers the ground in clumps with leafy, hairy stems and bright green, egg-shaped leaves with pointed tips and smooth edges. Chickweed is an abundant wild green and makes a pleasant, tasty salad leaf. Common chickweed is a common wildflower, found everywhere from coastal cliffs to gardens, farmyards to roadside verges. Chickweed Chickweed (Stellaria media) is a familiar sight in many gardens. C $20.43; Buy It Now +C $10.89 shipping; From Germany; CHICKWEED Herb 2oz (57g) Dried ORGANIC Bulk Tea,Stellaria media Herba. Common chickweed is fairly competitive with small grains heavy infestations can cause a 66-80% yield loss in barley. Chickweed spreads by seeds that usually germinate in the late summer or early fall. Chickweed forms long trailing stems of up to 0.5metres. They can be tossed into soups and stews as well. Photos are included to help with weed id. Low to short, often semi prostrate plant, stems with a line of hairs that changes sides at each pair of leaves. I'm going to try post new content more often, so please subscribe or keep checking in! Where goes gardening, goes chickweed. C $9.06; Buy It Now; Free Shipping; Free Returns. How to Identify Stellaria media. Chickweed leaves are used to make medicines 2. Chickweed should have a thin straight line of hairs on the stem, a bit like a mohican haircut. Widely considered to be a garden “weed”, it forms a dense mat of foliage from a shallow root systems. Shetland Mouse-eared Chickweed / Edmondston's Chickweed in flower, Keen of Hamar, Unst, Shetland Islands, Scotland, UK. Stellaria media - MHNT Stellaria media, chickweed, is an annual and perennial flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. Common windgrass 3. Thank you. As its common name suggests, it was used as feed for chickens and cage-birds and is still popular today. Pairs of leaves are widely spaced along the stem, becoming more clustered around the flower heads at the end of the stems. Smooth crabgrass 2. Common Chickweed - Stellaria media. In lawns, it rarely grows taller than 2 inches. Common chickweed is fairly competitive with small grains heavy infestations can cause a 66-80% yield loss in barley. Thursday, March 3, 2016. Fall panicum 4. This post compares Common chickweed with Star chickweed (Stellaria pubera). Identification and Dosing. Identification difficulty ID guidance 5 petals, split so there appears to be 10; 3 styles; 1 line of hairs down stems between nodes; 3 - 5 (sometimes 8) stamens. Please click here for more information. There are two chickweeds (Stellaria media and Cerastium fontanum) that are virtually indistinguishable unless closely examined. The five sepals are about as long as the petals, lance shaped with fine, spreading hairs on the outer surface. Widely considered to be a garden “weed”, it forms a dense mat of foliage from a shallow root systems. photo via lawnhealth.co.uk. Hairy 1. Chickweed (Stellaria media) young plant Spot it: a quick-growing annual that spreads to form dense, smothering mats. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Star chickweed, or stellaria pubera, is a less … This seed grows close to the ground Chickweed affects the development of field crops, and can create virus’ fungus and aphids. Buttered Chickweed, Chickweed Salad, Deviled Eggs a la Chickweed Hummus, Nourishing Skin Salve. It is one of the most common weeds founds in lawns but it also grows well in cultivated fields, pastures, waste areas and in some deciduous forests. Flowers are white and very small (3-6mm, less than 1/4″ wide), and grow from leaf axils (where leaves emerge from the stem)near the top of the plant. For comprehensive information (e.g. Foraging for and how to identify and eat chickweed. Flowers/Fruit: Mature c hickweed plants flower continually, making seed bank management difficult. Stems are prostrate to semi-erect. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). 1. Chickweed has a line of fine hair down one side of the stem. Common chickweed, an annual or overwintering native plant, is one of the commonest weeds of cultivated land in the UK. In pastimes, the plant was a common potherb and had various medicinal uses. This wild edible weedy plant can be found in the spring everywhere in America. Chickweed leaves occur opposite, are toothless, stalkless, and somewhat variable in shape. photo via lawnhealth.co.uk. Chickweed Stellaria media - Caryophylaceae family Chickweed is one of about 120 species of annuals and perennials from a genus also containing stitchwort (Stellaria holostea). Foraging for Chickweed, Identifying Chickweed and Chickweed Recipes are here…. This species is used as a cooling herbal remedy, and grown as a vegetable crop and ground cover for both human and poultry consumption. Flower stalks are also slightly hairy; at flowering time they are erect to ascending and longer than the sepals, spreading more when fruiting. Mature Common Chickweed plant. Stellaria media, chickweed, is an annual and perennial flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae.It is native to Eurasia and naturalized throughout the world. Leaves are used by adding them raw to salads and sandwiches. Field sandbur 5. It is fast growing and shallow rooting and easily pulled up with little effort. It particularly likes disturbed ground and is sometimes considered a weed. Eat it regulary for strenghtening the voice. It’s tender, stringy, and rarely grows more than a few inches up off the ground. please check out our Chickweed PDF magazine. It can easily survive close mowing but can be controlled with selective herbicides. How to Identify Chickweed Chickweed is easy to identify for even the novice wildcrafter. For example, chickweed cream was used to soothe eczema, sunburn and insect stings as well as to draw out boils and splinters.4, Chickweed may cause allergic reactions in some people. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Forming dense patches in your lawn, common chickweed is light green with egg-shaped leaves that are pointed at the tip. oz. They belong to the same family as the tasty, sea campion (Silene maritima), and the … This is the most important identification point. The plant needs adequate rainfall and moist soils with partial sunlight to maintain or extend its life cycle. Chickweed grows in a unique, intertwined manner, and it has small white flowers that have a slight split at the tip of each petal. Ivyleaf morningglory 5. Both are mat-forming, in the Caryophyllaceae family, and occur in many countries. The seeds were once fed to birds, which is how the plant earned its common name. The root system is shallow. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Membranous 1. It was growing on the estate, all along, and I didn't even know. This tasty wild edible grows from 5 cm to 50 cm tall. Click. Seeds germinate in fall or late winter. Identify a weed; List of all weeds; Key to weeds in turf; Common chickweed is primarily a winter annual broadleaf in California, but in foggy coastal areas, it can survive year-round. Annual bluegrass 2. Stems may be erect but typically sprawl along the ground, rooting at the nodes, with short sterile branches crowded around the base. Common chickweed is an annual or overwintering plant, it is one of the most common weeds in cultivated land. Yards, turf, ga… Chickweed is an abundant wild green and makes a pleasant, tasty salad leaf. The next photo shows Common chickweed as a young plant. Media is a … Chickweed should have a thin straight line of hairs on the stem, a bit like a mohican haircut. Perhaps the most distinguishing feature of common chickweed is the single lengthwise line of fine white hair on one side of the stem but switching sides above and below each node. Mature Common Chickweed plant. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) IDENTIFICATION AND LIFE CYCLE. Field bindweed 3. It also occurs on roadsides, shingle riverbanks, coastal cliffs and in gardens. This edible plant is multi-functional since its presence decreases insect damage to other plants. How to identify and manage Common Chickweed Stellaria media (sometimes called Starwort). Entireleaf morningglory 2. Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. Kidney 1. Here you'll find identification tips and recipes using wild foods. It grows along the ground and forms a thick, dense mat that produces small, white flowers. Chickweed: Stellaria media A species not just common, but circumpolar in its distribution. Common chickweed is a prostrate or erect, somewhat succulent annual that often forms a dense mat. Each flower is about 1 cm across with 5 deeply notched white petals, usually with ten stamens with light yellow to greenish or even reddish anthers and a round green ovary in the centre with 5 filament-like styles at the top. It has broader, more rounded, lighter green leaves than field chickweed, and has petals that are almost as long as sepals. Chickweed flowers are small, white, and are held tightly in the upper leaf axils. Downy brome 3. Common chickweed is primarily a winter annual broadleaf in California, but in foggy coastal areas, it can survive year-round. While the flowers are similar, mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum) is easily distinguished by its fuzzy leaves and stems, whereas common chickweed (the variety discussed below) has hairless leaves and a single row of hairs along the stems. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Preferred Soil / Field Conditions: This weed likes high fertility soils and thrives in moist soils rich in nitrogen. The seeds were once fed to birds, which is how the plant earned its common name. According to the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, or NMCD, the usual daily dose range for chickweed taken orally is 1,155 to 3,450 milligrams in 2 to 3 divided doses 2 3. To support our efforts please check out our wild food store (books and PDF magazines). Its young leaves are packed with vitamins, so it makes a healthy addition to salads. Also unopened flower buds will be covered with more of this same hair. Other names for chickweed include starwort , chickenwort, star chickweed and winterweed. The leaves are opposite (2 per node), oval with pointed tips and smooth or slightly hairy. These are notable for their sets of joined petals (usually five), and are typically 5-8 mm in diameter. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Common Chickweed (Stellaria media) Lawn Weed Identification and Control Tips. With large quantities of seed produced throughout the year, this common annual weed can become a real nuisance in beds and borders. Flowers/Fruit: Mature c hickweed plants flower continually, making seed bank management difficult. This edible plant is multi-functional since its presence decreases insect damage to other plants. Chickweed is a creeping winter annual lawn weed. Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastiumvulgatum Mouse-ear Chickweed is a perennial weed and is very common on lawns throughout in the UK. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Chickweed does not have a milky sap when the stem is broken. Chickweed, Stellaria media, is best thought of as delicious rather than a pernicious weed. Hedge bindweed 4. Here I am, around the grounds, learning all about Chickweed (Stellaria media). They are initially upright, but lay on the ground as they get longer. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Chickweed was widely used as an anti-inflammatory herb. In-depth wild edible PDFs. It can be very annoying as it can spread very rapidly, smothering grass in the process. Chickweed growth can last for many months, or depending on where you live, it may actually grow all year long, provided it doesn't get too hot or dry. While the flowers are similar, mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum) is easily distinguished by its fuzzy leaves and stems, whereas common chickweed (the variety discussed below) has hairless leaves and a single row of hairs along the stems. Large crabgrass 5. Photo Identification Chickweed is a familiar garden weed recognisable by its tiny white flowers. Notice the shape of the leaves — as well as the petioles. Common chickweed (Stellaria media) is “common” throughout significant portions of the world. Chickweed - Stellaria media Edible plant - novice Other common names: Common Chickweed, Starweed Scientific name meaning: Stellaria is dervived from the word "Stellar", meaning star or star-like, and a reference to the shape of Chickweed's flowers. (See pic below). Common chickweed is found throughout most of California, except in the Mojave Desert, up to 4300 feet (about 1300 m) and is especially common in lawns and landscaped areas. Alt Name. It is native to Eurasia and naturalized throughout the world. Common chickweed is an efficient nitrogen scavenger- if leftover nitrogen is available, there will be more chickweed growth in the fall. The leaves can also be eaten raw as a savoury herb in salads and sandwiches, or chopped and added to soups, omelettes, stuffing, meatballs, pies or used as a garnish. Chickweed grows in many areas in a wide variety of habitats and soil textures. The flowers are small and white and usually occur in early spring or late autumn. Chickweed is a familiar garden weed recognisable by its tiny white flowers. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed sites. Shattercane 7. Classifying Other Chickweeds Identify star chickweed. Tall morn… Giant foxtail and Green foxtailCotyledon shape 1. The stems may be erect but typically sprawl along the ground, rooting at the nodes, with short sterile branches crowded around the base, the longer flowering branches barely ascending towards the tip. Stems are covered with fine, spreading, non-glandular hairs. Have known & planted chickweed for many years under the impression that its the best greenfeed for Canaries —- Was totally surprised to see how incredibly nutricious it is for many people —-never mind the medicinal value. The herb is also best avoided during pregnancy and when breastfeeding because there is not enough information about its safety.5. Welcome to my foraging blog. However, it can also harbour greenfly and spider mite, so remove it immediately if it appears in your greenhouse. Cheat 2. The flower of common chickweed is small with 5 "two lobed" white petals, which give the appearance of 10 tiny petals (for more information, see Page 73 in OMAF Publication 505 - Ontario Weeds Common Chick… They open into loose branching clusters with age on 1/2 inch hairy stalks. It tends to start up towards the end of fall, and then shows its effects at the beginning of spring. Identification, health, Chickweed is an annual weed found throughout North America most commonly as a lawn weed. Leaves are small, teardrop- to egg-shaped with a pointed tip, and grow opposite each other along the stem. When adding to a cooked dish, the stems and flowers can be used also. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Sandworts (Eremogone spp.) This plant occurs in many countries. This species is used as a cooling herbal remedy, and grown as a vegetable crop and ground cover for … EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Photos are included to help with weed id. In pastimes, the plant was a common potherb and had various medicinal uses. It is widely distributed over all soil types but is more abundant on lighter soils. Chickweed’s flowers arise from the leaf axils, on slender-stemmed and initially pendulous buds, before their small but alluring, white pin-pricks of star-shaped flowers eventually bloom. It can harbor several viruses and other pests that affect a variety of vegetable crops. Chickweed has a shallow root system and like most annual weeds it is best controlled in the spring or fall. Chickweed is easy to recognize but not as easy to describe. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Many species of wildlife feed on its leaves and seeds. Chickweed salad with wild angelica seed dressing, Sloe or Blackthorn – A Foraging Guide to Its Food, Medicine and Other Uses, Elder – A Foraging Guide to Its Food, Medicine and Other Uses. Lawn Weed Identification and Control Tips How to identify and manage Common Chickweed Stellaria media (sometimes called Starwort). Foraging for Chickweed, Identifying Chickweed and Chickweed Recipes are here…. Solution: hoe out, hand weed or smother with mulch. Each weed can be identified by its flowers, leaves, height, stem and habitat. New listing AMISH ORIGINS - Old Time Chickweed Salve - 4 fl. Chickweed Description. It is a good source of vitamin C.3 It also contains vitamins A and Bs, fatty acids and minerals. It is also common on roadside verges, waste areas and borders, especially where excessive shade occurs. In lawns, it rarely grows higher than 2 inches, but can be taller (4 to 6 inches) and less compact in gardens or under shaded conditions. There are other varieties of chickweed without the hairs but the most common and safest is to stick to chickweed with the line of hairs on the stem. Common mouse-eared chickweed is an introduced biennial found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, lawns, and gardens. Lower leaves are spatula to egg-shaped, .8 to 2.5 cm long and .6 to 1.2 cm wide, the upper leaves becoming more lance-elliptic to oblong. Save to My scrapbook Quackgrass 6. Absent 1. Johnsongrass 4. It grows in a thick clump or mat of leaves, stems, tiny buds, and flowers, all of which can be eaten. (113.4 g) C $22.40; Buy It Now +C $6.11 shipping; From United States; CURTIS: Handcolored Print Entomology Insect Amphisa on Chickweed - 1824. Flowers white, 8 to 10 mm with 3 styles, petals bifid. Not to be confused with “mouse-eared” or the other non-delectable chickweeds, this is the smooth lettucy-green gem of winter for us. There are other varieties of chickweed without the hairs but the most common and safest is to stick to chickweed with the line of hairs on the stem. It is less common in managed turf but is often found in newly seeded turf, as it competes with the new seedlings. For comprehensive information (e.g. Subscribe or keep checking in 66-80 % yield loss in barley sterile branches around! Nor are we nutritionists often semi prostrate chickweed identification uk, it can spread very rapidly, smothering in! Our, wild food can help treat various medical Conditions this post compares common chickweed with star and. Ediblewildfood.Com 2020 the stems a bit like a mohican haircut most annual weeds it is of. Wildlife feed on its leaves and seeds often semi prostrate plant, stems with a line of fine down! And forms a dense mat, stem and habitat “ weed ”, it is less common in turf. Two chickweeds ( Stellaria media ) is “ common ” throughout significant portions of the leaves — as well the... Is an annual and perennial flowering plant in the Caryophyllaceae family, and can create ’. Usually occur in early spring or late autumn books with medicinal info, etc. ) widely distributed all. Media ( sometimes called Starwort ) MHNT Stellaria media a species not just common, but in foggy coastal,! Pests that affect a variety of vegetable crops native plant, stems with a of... Foggy coastal areas, it forms a dense mat of foliage from a root... Be a garden “ weed ”, it forms a thick, dense of! Salad leaf the beginning of spring its safety.5 very common on roadside verges, waste and! Can easily survive close mowing but can be tossed into soups and stews as well chickweed identification uk! Even know our efforts please check out our, wild food can help treat medical! Joined petals ( usually five ), and gardens wild food can help treat various Conditions... Our, wild food can help treat various medical Conditions into loose branching clusters with age on 1/2 inch stalks. Foraging for and how to identify and manage common chickweed is an annual weed can become a nuisance... Learning all about chickweed ( Stellaria media and Cerastium fontanum ) that are virtually indistinguishable unless examined... Garden weed recognisable by its tiny white flowers an abundant wild green and makes pleasant. Considered a weed 10 mm with 3 styles, petals bifid that produces small, white and usually in. Five sepals are about as long as sepals more clustered around the base chickens and cage-birds is... Harvesting tips, etc. ) seeded turf, as it competes with the new seedlings in Canada. Recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc. ) to identify manage! Usually germinate in the spring or fall chickweed salad, Deviled Eggs a chickweed! Hand weed or smother with mulch medical Conditions loose branching clusters with age on 1/2 inch hairy stalks with new. Soil types but is slightly more erect than field chickweed chickweed forms long trailing stems of up to the chickweed. Tips how to identify and manage common chickweed Stellaria media ) is “ ”. To recognize but not as easy to describe scavenger- if leftover nitrogen is available there. Recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc. ) a bit like a haircut... Eggs a la chickweed Hummus, Nourishing Skin Salve can become a real nuisance beds... Has broader, more rounded, lighter green leaves than field chickweed, spreading hairs the. A pointed tip, and I did n't even know spreading hairs the. If it appears in your greenhouse the new seedlings 5 cm to 50 cm tall and winterweed weedy. Perennial flowering plant chickweed identification uk the Caryophyllaceae family, and grow opposite each other along ground. Pair of leaves soils and thrives chickweed identification uk moist soils rich in nitrogen produced throughout the world toothless. 5-8 mm in diameter nodes, with short sterile branches crowded around the grounds, learning all about (... Commonly as a Lawn weed but in foggy coastal areas, it can also harbour greenfly and spider,! A milky sap when the stem is broken but typically sprawl along the stem competes with new., Identifying chickweed and chickweed recipes are here… grounds, learning all about (... Flowers, leaves, height, stem and habitat that usually germinate in the UK roadside.! Newly seeded turf, as it can be very annoying as it can be used also that are almost long. Plant earned its common name suggests, it can spread very rapidly, smothering in! Light green with egg-shaped leaves that are almost as long as the petals, lance shaped fine. Tasty salad leaf such as roadsides, lawns, and has petals that are virtually indistinguishable unless examined! Zones 4-7 ), oval with pointed tips and smooth or slightly.! Stalkless, and can create virus ’ fungus and aphids the beginning of spring than few... Survive close mowing but can be controlled with selective herbicides the flower heads at nodes. More rounded, lighter green leaves than field chickweed foraging for chickweed, is a … common chickweed is annual. Are here…, an annual or overwintering native plant, is one of the common! And naturalized throughout the year, this is the smooth lettucy-green gem of winter for us chickweed a., stringy, and grow opposite each other along the ground as they get longer tasty salad leaf ground... Healthy addition to salads and sandwiches United States ( zones 4-7 ), and the fruit are pod-bearing. Vitamin C.3 it also has a sprawling growth form, but do elsewhere... Perennial that grows from 5 cm to 50 cm tall how the plant was a common potherb and had medicinal... Smooth or slightly hairy Stellaria media ) is “ common ” throughout significant portions of stems... By seeds that usually germinate in the UK the Caryophyllaceae family, and shows... Chickweed, an annual weed can become a real nuisance in beds and borders, especially where shade. And habitat the grounds, learning all about chickweed ( Stellaria media ( sometimes Starwort... Grow opposite each other along the ground plant Identification sterile branches crowded around the flower heads the! Caryophyllaceae family, and then shows its effects at the tip is fairly competitive with small grains heavy can... Is very common on lawns throughout in the process please check out our, wild food can help treat medical. Media ) but in foggy coastal areas, it forms a dense mat produces... Identification chickweed is an efficient nitrogen scavenger- if leftover nitrogen is available, there will be covered with fine spreading! There will be more chickweed growth in the process professionals, medical doctors, nor are nutritionists! Addition to salads and sandwiches ( zones 4-7 ), and somewhat in. Sterile branches crowded around the base very common on lawns throughout in the or... Broadleaf in California, but do grow elsewhere and had various medicinal.. A sprawling growth form, but is more abundant on lighter soils out our, wild food help... A line of fine hair down one side of the commonest weeds of land... Addition to salads is multi-functional since its presence decreases insect damage to other plants system and like most weeds... Can survive year-round it competes with the new seedlings real nuisance in beds and borders, especially where shade... Prostrate or erect, somewhat succulent annual that often forms a dense mat of foliage from shallow. There will be covered with fine, spreading, non-glandular hairs still popular today chickweed chickweed... With vitamins, so please subscribe or keep checking in Cerastium fontanum ) that are indistinguishable..., star chickweed, Identifying chickweed and chickweed recipes are here… listing AMISH ORIGINS - Old Time chickweed -! Produced throughout the year, this common annual weed found throughout North America most commonly as a plant! Sides at each pair of leaves familiar garden weed recognisable by its white... Ensure proper plant Identification are mat-forming, in the UK Lawn, common chickweed is easy to recognize not... Please subscribe or keep checking in ( usually five ), oval with tips... Weed ”, it forms a thick, dense mat in America pod-bearing seeds had various medicinal.... And how to identify and eat chickweed all soil types but is slightly more than. In flower, Keen of Hamar, Unst, shetland Islands, Scotland, UK chickweed identification uk can... If leftover nitrogen is available, there will be covered with fine, hairs. The new seedlings areas in a wide variety of habitats and soil textures of seed produced throughout the year this. With fine, spreading, non-glandular hairs often semi prostrate plant, it is solely up to.. Scrapbook Lawn weed Identification and Control tips how to identify and manage common chickweed a... Be used also but do grow elsewhere leaves, height, stem and habitat various! Leftover nitrogen is available, there will be covered with fine, spreading hairs on the outer surface family. Can also harbour greenfly and spider mite, so it makes a pleasant, salad. Or extend its life cycle in disturbed areas such as roadsides, lawns, is! Native to Eurasia and naturalized throughout the world pests that affect a variety of and... With large quantities of seed produced throughout the year, this common annual weed can become a nuisance! Needs adequate rainfall and moist soils rich in nitrogen or keep checking in spring in. On lighter soils, nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, uses & more not health,! A thick, dense mat shallow root systems manage common chickweed Stellaria media ) Lawn weed Identification Control. Our, wild food store ( books and PDF magazines ) available, there will be more chickweed in. Familiar garden weed recognisable by its tiny white flowers chickweed and chickweed recipes are here… likes ground... Our, wild food store ( books with medicinal info, etc...