During times when fruit is not available, this species eats leaves, stems, and bark. Why is the Cross River gorilla endangered? The Cross River Gorilla is populated at the border between Nigeria and Cameroon, in both tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. Due to the Cross River gorilla’s body size they require large and diverse areas of the forest to meet their habitat requirements. They are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. That means the entire population could fit on a 747 jet with room to spare! All rights reserved. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In this lesson, you'll learn about the most endangered gorilla subspecies: the Cross River gorilla. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The EU announced a four-year, two million euro initiative to protect the Cross River Gorilla – the world’s most endangered great ape – and secure the Cross River National Park, while promoting sustainable livelihoods for communities that live... Read the story; View All News All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 26) The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is the least populated of the subspecies. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. A New Hope for the World’s Most Endangered Gorilla. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | This space is called the Cross River basin. Gorilla gorilla diehli. Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This gorilla is the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). Due to the size of the body of the Cross River Gorilla, they need large and varied areas of forest to meet their habitat … Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. Cross River Gorilla, photo by Julie Langford, CC BY-SA 3.0 Cross River Gorilla Facts. Cross River Gorilla. study Cross River gorillas are herbivores, and their diet is more seasonal than any other gorilla species. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. This may be because they have such a restricted habitat. Quiz & Worksheet - Practice with Velocity & Acceleration, Quiz & Worksheet - Total Liabilities in Accounting, Strategies for Teaching Music to Middle School Students. Most of the sites which the gorillas inhabit are connected by forest, though these corridors are often tenuous. Gorillas, the largest living primates, make their homes in central Africa. They also inhabit swampy forests, sometimes reaching an altitude up to 2,000 meters. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Habitat destruction reduces the space and food available to the Cross River gorilla, thus reducing their population. They are endemic to the Cross River region on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in Africa. The life span of the cross-river gorillas is similar t other gorilla species. The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of western gorilla, and it is the most endangered subspecies of gorilla. Cross River Gorillas, like many other gorilla subspecies, prefer a dense forest habitat that is uninhabited by humans. This species is not very territorial, and their home ranges often overlap with other groups, possibly as a result of their limited habitat. Separating the subpopulations also makes them smaller and less stable than if they had their natural range. courses that prepare you to earn Cross River Gorilla: Reproduction & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Environment of the Cross River Gorilla, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Western Lowland Gorilla: Lifespan & Facts, Western Lowland Gorilla: Population, Threats & Conservation, Western Lowland Gorillas: Habitat & Adaptations, Western Lowland Gorillas: Diet & Behavior, Eastern Lowland Gorillas: Facts, Habitat & Diet, Mountain Gorilla: Facts, Habitat & Characteristics, Mountain Gorilla Food Web: Diet, Prey & Predators, Mountain Gorillas: Life Cycle, Mating & Lifespan, Koko the Gorilla: Biography, Sign Language & Art, Bornean Orangutan: Habitat, Adaptations, Diet & Facts, Biological and Biomedical They mostly live in highland forests. A lack of territoriality means the gorillas can travel more widely in search of food without coming into conflict with other groups. In fact, despite their small range, the exact food species available to each Cross River gorilla group can be very different. The Cross River gorilla is a subspecies of the western gorilla. Did you know that there are only 11 areas for a cross river gorilla to live right now. The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. The lowland forest is moist, semi-deciduous rainforest. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. (13), Cross River Gorilla Socio-Ecology and Behaviour, Physical Characteristics of Cross River Gorillas. The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. As a result, groups of Cross River gorillas are spread widely throughout their habitat. They live in mountainous border area between Cameroon and Nigeria at the top of … (13) There are few records of the historic abundance and distribution of gorillas in this region. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. There are currently only 200-300 Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them the most endangered great ape in Africa. The Cross River Gorillas also famous as diehli are one of the sub-species of the western gorillas. The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. The inhabited lowlands are a patchwork of farmland (crops, plantations and grassland) and secondary forest, with many villages and a number of roads. Western Lowland Gorillas inhabit the vast western equatorial African forest, which is separated from the Cross River region by the grasslands (particularly on the Obudu plateau) and fragmented forest of the Cameroon highlands, and the dense human population of the lowlands in western Cameroon (9), as well as the Sanaga River. Habitat destruction is a major part of the reason the Cross River gorilla is listed as critically endangered, which is one step below 'extinct in the wild.'. There are less than 300 left in the wild, which makes it a critically endangered species. And other gorilla facts. The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) occupies approximately 11 primarily highland sites dispersed across a larger forest landscape in Cross River State, Nigeria and Southwest Province, Cameroon. All of the water a Cross River gorilla needs comes from its food. It is through this landscape that gorillas must move if they migrate from one group to another, or leave their usual ranges in search of food. They inhabit mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… They don’t seem to have any strong habitat preferences within their range, and have probably been pushed into this restricted distribution by hunting in the past. It is the most western and northern form of gorilla, and is restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region at the headwaters of the Cross River. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. (13), There are many human settlements in the area, and these are expanding as the population grows. They mostly live in highland forests. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. However, sightings were recorded during the 1980s, and small numbers of the sub-species were rediscovered in Cameroon and Nigeria on the banks of the Cross River. As previously inaccessible forests are opened up by timber companies, commercial hunters gain access to areas where gorilla roam and often use logging vehicles to transport bushmeat to far away markets, as well as sell meat to employees of the logging companies. Scientists have not been able to get an exact figure on the number of gorillas because of their wariness about humans and their habituation in rugged areas. Find out more about specific projects for: Western lowland gorillas; Cross River gorillas; Eastern lowland gorillas; Mountain gorillas HABITAT OF CROSS RIVER GORILLAS. 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The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. Create your account, Already registered? The cross river gorilla is one among the most critically endangered species in the world which is on the WWF priority species list, with a population of only 200 to 300 left in the wild. Cross River gorillas live in close proximity to humans with little protected land. In fact, it is one of the top 25 most endangered primate species in the entire world. Cross River gorilla is the most western and northern form of gorilla. The gorillas have moved into the higher altitudes to avoid humans, as opposed to living there because of a natural preference for high elevation. She has her Master 's degree in Linguistics because the area where live... An extremely limited geographic range many steep valleys and rugged slopes, it is the most western northern. From 150 to 1,600 meters above the sea level gorillas are endemic to the cross-river gorillas is similar t gorilla... 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